When to use this component
Use the radios component when users can only select one option from a list.
When not to use this component
Do not use the radios component if users might need to select more than one option. In this case, you should use the checkboxes component instead.
How it works
Always position radios to the left of their labels. This makes them easier to find, especially for users of screen magnifiers.
Unlike with checkboxes, users can only select one option from a list of radios. Do not assume that users will know how many options they can select based on the visual difference between radios and checkboxes alone.
If needed, add a hint explaining this, for example, ‘Επιλέξτε μια επιλογή’.
Do not pre-select radio options as this makes it more likely that users will:
- not realise they’ve missed a question
- submit the wrong answer
Users cannot go back to having no option selected once they have selected one, without refreshing their browser window. Therefore, you should include ‘Κανένα από τα παραπάνω’ or ‘Δεν ξέρω’ if they are valid options.
Order radio options alphabetically by default.
In some cases, it can be helpful to order them from most-to-least common options. For example, you could order options for ‘Που μένεις;’ based on population size.
However you should do this with extreme caution as it can reinforce bias in your service. If in doubt, order alphabetically.
Group radios together in a
<fieldset> with a
<legend> that describes them, as shown in the examples on this page. This is usually a question, like ‘Που μένεις;’.
If you’re asking one question on the page
If you are asking just one question per page as recommended, you can set the contents of the
<legend> as the page heading. This is good practice as it means that users of screen readers will only hear the contents once.
You can use the above HTML.
If you’re asking more than one question on the page
If you’re asking more than one question on the page, do not set the contents of the
<legend> as the page heading. Read more about asking multiple questions on question pages.
Radio items with hints
You can add hints to radio items to provide additional information about the options.
Radio items with a text divider
If one or more of your radio options is different from the others, it can help users if you separate them using a text divider. The text is usually the word ‘or’.
Conditionally revealing a related question
You can ask the user a related question when they select a particular radio option, so they only see the question when it’s relevant to them.
This might make two related questions easier to answer by grouping them on the same page. For example, you could reveal a phone number input when the user selects the ‘Contact me by phone’ option.
Display an error message if none of the radios are selected.
Error messages should be styled like this:
Make sure errors follow the guidance in error message and have specific error messages for specific error states.
If it’s a ‘yes’ or ‘no’ question
Say ‘Επίλεξε ναι εαν [ότι είναι αληθές]’. For example, ‘Επίλεξε ναι εαν η Σάρα κανονικά ζει μαζί σου’.
If there are two options which are not ‘yes’ and ‘no’
Say Επίλεξε εάν [ότι είναι]’. For example, Επίλεξε εάν είσαι ή μισθωτός ή ελεύθερος επαγγελματίας ’.
If there are more than two options
Say Επίλεξε [ό,τι είναι]’. For example, Επίλεξε την ημέρα που πληρώνεις το νοίκι’.